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William Hespeler fonds
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CA MHCA MHC 7
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- Hespeler, William, 1830-1921
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2 cm of textual records
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Name of creator
William Hespeler (December 29, 1830 – April 18, 1921) was a German - Canadian businessman and immigration agent and a member of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. He served as Speaker of the Legislature and as honorary consul of Germany to Winnipeg and the Northwest Territories. He was awarded the Order of the Red Eagle for his services to Germany.
Born as Wilhelm Hespeler in Baden-Baden, Grand Duchy of Baden, the son of Georg Johann and Anna Barbara (Wick) Hespeler, Hespeler was educated at the Polytechnic Institute at Karlsruhe. He left school at the age of nineteen and emigrated to Canada with his mother in 1850 (his father having died in 1840). He worked for his older brother Jacob Hespeler before becoming a partner in the firm of Hespeler and Randall, which ran both a distillery (which later became Seagram's) and a grain mill. He became a naturalized British subject some time before 1867, adopting the first name of "William". In 1870 he returned to Baden-Baden, serving briefly as a stretcher-bearer during the Franco-Prussian War before being hired by the Government of Canada as an immigration agent in 1871. He was sent to Russia to meet with Mennonites who were contemplating a move to America due to the Russian Imperial reforms. Hespeler was to persuade the Mennonites to choose Canada. In the end, he was able to arrange for thousands of Mennonites to immigrate and settle in Manitoba. Hespeler moved to Winnipeg in 1873, residing in the suburb of Fort Rouge for the rest of his life. He also encouraged and arranged for Icelandic immigrants and Jewish refugees from Germany and elsewhere to settle in Manitoba. During this time he combined his work for the government with his private business of grain merchant, but he also worked to ensure the welfare of new immigrants through the provision of emergency supplies and temporary shelter. He planned the town of Niverville, Manitoba and (with his son) erected the first grain elevator on the Canadian Prairies.
In 1876 Hespeler was elected alderman for Winnipeg's South Ward and was also appointed a member of the temporary Council of Keewatin. Hespeler was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba in the 1899 general election as an independent for the rural riding of Rosenfeld. On March 29, 1900 he was elected Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, one of the first men not born a British subject to be appointed to this level of government in the British Empire. Despite his conservative leanings he did not support the government of Conservative premier Hugh John Macdonald. Redistribution eliminated the riding of Rosenfeld in 1903 and Hespeler chose not to run again. His retirement was marred during World War I by hostility from residents of Winnipeg arising from his German connections; he was opposed for attempting to assist German immigrants who had lost their jobs due to anti-German sentiment. After the war he found himself forgotten by the city and the province he had helped to populate.
Hespeler was married three times. After the death of his third wife in 1920, Hespeler moved to Vancouver to live with his son Alfred. He died the next year at the age of 90. He is buried in the cemetery at St. John’s Anglican Church in Winnipeg.
These materials were in the custody of a great grandson of William Hespeler before being transferred to the Mennonite Heritage Centre.
Scope and content
This fonds contains documents pertaining to the life of William Hespeler, such as confirmation of attending the Polytechnic Institute in Karlsruhe (1847-1849), of deferment from military service in 1850, of immigration to Canada, and of naturalization as a British subject. The fonds includes the items taken to Russia in 1872 (i.e. responses from Ottawa to the Russian Mennonite inquiries about priveledges been sought such as exemption from military service). The fonds also contains various items with the autographs of individuals such as Otto von Bismark, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia, and the British monarch, Queen Victoria. The documents pertain to Hespeler's service to Canada or Germany.
Immediate source of acquisition
Jeremy Hespeler-Boultbee of Victoria, BC.
Arranged and described by Alf Redekopp, February 2012.
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None to access
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Item description with the file list.
MHC Photo Collections 386 and 431 (Elspeth Newton Collections).
Acc. No. 2012-008