Fonds Mss 331, Pc 301, Tc 157, El 26, Mc 36, A.10-38; A.10-38.1 - Walter Rudnicki fonds

Open original digital objects

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Walter Rudnicki fonds

General material designation

  • Textual record
  • Graphic material

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description

Fonds

Reference code

CA UMASC Mss 331, Pc 301, Tc 157, El 26, Mc 36, A.10-38; A.10-38.1

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1950-2008 (Creation)
    Creator
    Rudnicki, Walter
    Place
    Canada

Physical description area

Physical description

90.25 m of textual records and other material

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator

(1925-2010)

Biographical history

Walter Rudnicki was born on September 25, 1925 in Rosser, Manitoba. He received his B.A. from the University of Manitoba (1950) and M.A. in Social Work and Community Organization from the University of British Columbia (1952). Most of his life he worked relentlessly as a public servant and private consultant to improve the lives of Canadian Aboriginal peoples.
During 1944-1946, Rudnicki was stationed overseas with the Royal Winnipeg Rifles and he drew many sketches of military life. Later on in his professional career, as a consultant to aboriginal people, he used his sense of humor and cartoons in his presentations and workshops.

The first years after his graduation, Rudnicki worked with the Department of Social Services in Saskatchewan and British Columbia. In 1955, he became the Chief of Arctic Division of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND) where he was responsible for implementing social programs for Inuit people. In 1963, as the Chief of Social Programs, Welfare Division of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration, he was responsible for developing policies to fight poverty. Rudnicki also worked within government as Secretary of the Social Policy Committee, in the Privy Council Office (PCO), and as a senior policy advisor for Cabinet Minister Robert Andras (1968-1970). In 1969 he left the PCO and became the Executive Director of the Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) and advised the Minister on housing and urban development.

In 1973, Rudnicki was fired from his position at the CMHC by the director, Bill Teron, for not following "cabinet confidentiality" in showing a confidential report about housing to the Métis community, but was later vindicated and won the first wrongful dismissal suit in Canada (1983). His dismissal is thought to have been connected to issues regarding Government Security Services and the existence of a "Black list". People on the list were public servants labeled "revolutionary" with left-wing beliefs who allegedly posed a danger to the Canadian Government.

After his dismissal in 1973 Rudnicki worked as a consultant to the Department of Health and Social Development, Province of Manitoba (1974-1977). In 1983, Clerk of the PCO Gordon Osbaldeston and Daniel Coates initiated the process of re-hiring Walter Rudnicki back into an appropriate position within the Federal Government. Rudnicki was hired by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development to work on program planning and policy development. After 1977, Rudnicki was President of the Policy Development Group Limited (PDG), a private consulting firm that worked with prominent aboriginal leaders.

Rudnicki, as a public servant and a private consultant, worked with both the Government and aboriginal people and identified problems with their relationship. He passed away on March 7, 2010 in Ottawa. Walter Rudnicki (Eagle Shield) was a passionate advocate for aboriginal rights in Canada.

Custodial history

The fonds was donated to the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections in 2010 by Stephen and Denise Rudnicki, son and daughter of Walter Rudnicki, on behalf of the family.

Scope and content

This fonds consists of material on the aboriginal history, culture, education, health, housing, and politics. Walter Rudnicki was an active participant in many of the subjects collected by him in the course of his life. In the most cases, this material is organized into themes and contains correspondence, government documents, reports, press releases, newspaper clippings, and documents of many aboriginal organizations and their leaders.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Stephen and Denise Rudnicki, son and daughter of Walter Rudnicki, on behalf of the family.

Arrangement

Because of the volume of the collected material, the fonds is split into two finding aids. The first finding aid (A10-30_1) deals with his personal material: correspondence, the dismissal case, cartoons, presentations, papers, and material from the DIAND, CMHC, PDG, and material from the organizations in which he was personally involved.
The second finding aid (A10-38) is composed of collected material, documents, newspaper clippings, but also includes Rudnicki's contributions to the subject in the form of notes, papers, and correspondence.

Some changes to the initial finding aids have been made as outlined below.
A.10-38-1, Box 98, Folder 1: Title has been changed from "Rudnicki- Department of Social Services, Saskatchewan, Rudnicki's Notes, 1953" to "Rudnicki - Notes, Vancouver General Hospital, [195-]".
A.10-38-1, Box 314a, Folder 1: File titled "Dept. of Citizenship and Immigration: Management Consultant Reports, 1965" has been moved to this accrual from former location in A.10-38, Box 371, Folder 8.
A.10-38-1, Box 371, Folder 8: File titled, "Henik Lake - Correspondence - Eskimo Point - Rudnicki Report 1958 (Rudnicki's Report - Eskimo Point, 1958; Farley Mowat - Letters, 1958)" has been moved to this location from original place in Box 100, Folder 8 within the same accrual.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

Some folders are restricted. Additionally, upon review of the records in this collection, it appears that the records marked as being Federal records are in the public domain (e.g. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples files, staff directories, legislation etc.), or were legally obtained by Mr. Rudnicki, either through access to information requests or through other arrangements with creating offices. As a precaution, however, the records in question will not be made available online, and access will be restricted to in-person visits only. Furthermore, the Archives will apply the privacy provisions of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act and the Personal Health Information Act to any records within the collection which contain personal or personal health information.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Copyright restrictions may apply. Please contact the University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections for more information.

Associated materials

Digitized Material
Walter Rudnicki fonds: http://digitalcollections.lib.umanitoba.ca/islandora/object/uofm%3Arudnicki">

Robert Craig Cunningham's MA Thesis (for the University of Saskatchewan) on community development at the Department of Indian Affairs in the 1960s:
http://ecommons.usask.ca/handle/10388/etd-01032007-140804

Walter Rudnicki fonds slideshow:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPms9BySuq8

Related materials

Accruals

No further accruals are expected

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections

Rules or conventions

Status

Final

Level of detail

Partial

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created 28 July 2011

Language of description

  • English

Script of description

Sources

digital objects (Master) rights area

digital objects (Reference) rights area

Accession area

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres