Fonds 15-1999 - Robert D. Howland Collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Robert D. Howland Collection

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Fonds

Reference code

CA MCK 15-1999

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Date(s)

  • 1885 - 1918 (Creation)

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Physical description

1.5 m : 257 items

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Name of creator

Biographical history

Dr. Robert Dudley Howland was born June 1, 1909, in Bexley, Kent, England. He attended Queen Elizabeth Grammar School Faversham, Kent. In 1926 he came to Canada where he attended Brandon College, graduating in Arts in 1935. He subsequently attended the London School of Economics where he obtained a doctorate in Economics. During his years at Brandon College, Dr. Howland participated in debating and drama. He also acted as a student minister for the Baptist Church. Dr. Howland spent his working years in various positions in the federal and provincial governments. Energy was an important focus of his work. His introduction to energy problems came in 1944 when he was appointed Secretary of the Carroll Commission on coal. From this experience he accepted appointments in Nova Scotia as Vice-President of their Research Foundation and as Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry and Economic Advisor to the Nova Scotia government. In addition to the Carroll Royal Commission on Coal, Dr. Howland was associated with the Royal Commission on Saskatchewan's Coal Mining Industry, was an economist on Canada's Economic Prospects from 1955-57, and a member of the Royal Commission on Energy. In 1959 Dr. Howland was appointed Vice-President of the National Energy Board and Chairman from July 1, 1968, until his retirement in August, 1973. Dr. Howland was granted the honorary LL.D by Brandon University in May 1974. Dr. Howland had a lifelong interest in the Fabian Society and Fabian Socialism, assembling a rich collection of original edition Fabian publications. The Fabian Society, a socialist society, was founded in 1883-84 in London. The Fabian Society was created with the goal of fostering the creation of democratic socialism in Great Britain. Unlike revolutionary Marxists, the Fabians placed their hopes for change in evolutionary socialism not revolution. The creation of the Fabian Society is generally attributed to Thomas Davidson, a Scottish philosopher. Its charter members included George Bernard Shaw, Sidney Webb, Annie Besant, Edward Pease, and Graham Wallas. Shaw and Webb, later joined by Webb's wife, Beatrice, were the outstanding leaders of the society for many years. In 1889 the society published its best-known tract, Fabian Essays in Socialism, edited by Shaw. The Fabian Society participated in the creation of the Labour Representation Committee, which became the Labour Party in 1906. The Fabian Society has since been affiliated with the Labour Party.

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Custodial history

Dr. Howland presented his collection of Fabian publications to Brandon University in the 1970s. The collection remained in the John Robbins Library until it was placed in the McKee Archives in 1997.

Scope and content

The Howland Collection includes a wide range of books, pamphlets, and assorted publications of the Fabian Society assembled by Dr. Howland. The books included in the collection are by well-known Fabians such as George Bernard Shaw, Berniece and Sidney Webb, and Graham Wallas. The collection finally includes many of the Fabian Tracts as well as other documents related to the Fabian Society that Howland compiled.

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Location of originals

McKee Archives

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Restrictions on access

None

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

None

Finding aids

There is a finding aid available for this collection.

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Edition

This collection includes books, tracts, broadsides, advertisements, and internal Fabian Society documents.

Language of material note

English

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  • English

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