Fonds - Metropolitan Maxim Hermaniuk fonds

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Metropolitan Maxim Hermaniuk fonds

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19.3m of textual documents;

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(October 30, 1911-May 3, 1996)

Notice biographique

Biographical Events in the Life of Metropolitan Maxim Hermaniuk, CSsR

1911 Born in Nove Selo, Zhovkva, Western Ukraine, October 30

1926 Completed fifth grade in seven-grade school in Kulykiw

1927 Traveled to Zboyiska to the minor seminary-gymnasium of the Redemptorist Fathers, near L’viv

1932 Graduated from the minor seminary

1933 Entered the novitiate of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, in August, in Holosko, near L’viv; Was professed on his name-day, 29 September

1933-35 Was sent to study philosophy at the Redemptorist Scholasticate in Louvain, Belgium

1935-39 Pursued his Theology Degree at the Redemptorist Scholasticate in Beauplateau, Belgium

1936 Perpetual profession on 16 August

1938 4 September, ordained to the Holy Priesthood by Bishop Nicholas Charnetsky, CSsR, in L’viv

1939 Entered both the Faculty of Theology and the Oriental Institute at the Catholic University of Louvain, where he studied the Assyrian, Babylonian and Hebrew languages, and history of the near East

1940 Obtained the Baccalaureate of Theology, Louvain, Belgium

1942 Received his Licentiate of Theology

1943 Publicly defended his doctoral dissertation, “Parables in the Gospel According to Clement of Alexandria”, earning his Doctor of Theology; Received his Licentiate in Oriental Languages and History from the Oriental Institute at Louvain

1943-45 Was appointed Professor of Moral Philosophy, Sociology and Hebrew at the Redemptorist Seminary in Beauplateau, Belgium

1945 Worked with large numbers of Ukrainian refugees in Belgium after the Second World War, organized Ukrainian Relief Committee; Co-founder of the Ukrainian paper, Visti.

1946-48 Editor of Ukrainian monthly magazine Voice of Christ, Lover of Mankind in Belgium; Established Ukrainian student organization, Obnova, in Belgium

1946 As chaplain of Obnova, participated in the International Congress of Pax Romana in Salamanka, Spain; later participated in a Congress of Pax Romana for Catholic university graduates in Frieburg, Switzerland

1947 First president of Ukrainian Cultural Society (UNOT) in Belgium; Wrote, publicly defended and published his monograph, “La Parabole Evangelique”, and defended 72 theses in moral and dogmatic theology, to obtain highest degree offered by Louvain University, Maître Agrégé en Théologie

1948 Attended World Congress of Byzantinology in Brussels and was made honourary Life Member; Created PB Louvain, press bureau distributing news to and of displaced Ukrainian population in Belgium; Participated in International Congress of Pax Romana in Spaa, Belgium

1948-51 Appointed supervisor of the Ukrainian Redemptorist Vice-province of Canada and the US, leaving Europe 10 October

1949-51 Professor of Moral Theology and Sacred Scripture in the Holy Redeemer Ukrainian Major Seminary in Waterford, Ontario

1950 Organized board and became first editor-in-Chief of Logos Ukrainian Theological Quarterly; Parish priest at Holy Eucharist Ukrainian Catholic Parish in Toronto

1951 13 January appointed by the Holy See as Titular Bishop of Sinna and
Auxiliary Bishop to Archbishop Ladyka in Winnipeg, and consecrated 29 June at Sts. Vladimir and Olga Cathedral; 21 April became a member of Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society

1953 Organized Obnova University Students Club in Winnipeg

1955 19 May named Coadjutor, with right of succession to Archbishop Basil Ladyka

1956 1 September succeeded as Archbishop to the See of Winnipeg upon the
death of Archbishop Basil Ladyka; Elevated to Metropolitan for Ukrainian Catholics of Canada when Pope Pius XII elevated Winnipeg to a Metropolitan See on 3 November

1957 12 February enthroned at Sts. Vladimir and Olga Cathedral in Winnipeg as
first Metropolitan for Ukrainian Catholics of Canada

1958 Australian Tour as Apostolic Visitor for the Sacred Congregation for the Oriental Churches

1959 Founder of Diocesan Printing and Publishing Company which produces the weekly Ukrainian Catholic newspaper, Progress/Postup

1960 Appointed a member to the Vatican II preconciliar Theological Commission; Wrote and published “Our Obligation”, collection of his articles from “Progress”, 1959-1960

1962 Organized and conducted first Synod of Bishops of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in Canada; Collaborated in the publication of the New Catholic Encyclopedia of the Catholic University of Washington, DC

1962 Along with 2500 other bishops, participated in Vatican II ; 22 November led the fourteen other Ukrainian Catholic bishops at Vatican II in a joint letter of protest published in Il Journale D’Italia demanding the release of Metropolitan Slipyj from Ukraine

1963 10 February arrival of liberated Metropolitan Slipyj in Rome; Session II Vatican II, elected by the Conciliary Fathers as a member of the Secretariat for Christian Unity; 6 November addressed Council on issue of Collegiality; Silver Jubilee of ordination to the priesthood, celebrated 23 June; Published article in French “The Terminology of Clement of Alexandria in the Parables of the Gospel”, published by Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society

1964 Session III Vatican II

1965 Session IV Vatican II, 7 December His Grace pointed out to the Assembly there were no doctrinal differences or dogmatic reasons in 1054 to create the Orthodox Church, or to separate from the Church of Rome; Concept was then explored by Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras

1967 Member of World Congress of Free Ukrainians

1969 Member of Joint Working Group between Catholic Church and World Council of Churches during ecumenical meetings, Geneva; Honourary member of Mark Twain Society

1976 Initiated construction of new Chancery Office in Winnipeg, completed in 1979

1977 Member of the Counsel of the Secretariat of Synod of Bishops in Rome

1980 During Synod of Bishops in Rome, author of Charter of Family Rights, later proclaimed by the Church

1981 Initiated consideration of new inter-eparchial seminary in Ottawa

1982 Presented award of Officer of the Order of Canada

1983 Member of the Council of the Secretariat of Synod of Bishops in Rome; Member of the Pontifical Commission for the Codification of Eastern Catholic Canon Law; Synod in Rome accepted proposition of Charter of Family Rights

1984 Papal visit to Canada, and on 16 September to Winnipeg

1985 25 November extraordinary synod in Rome to commemorate twenty years since Vatican II

1986 Extraordinary synod in Rome where His Grace called for collegiality among his fellow bishops; At age seventy-five, submitted his letter of resignation; not accepted

1988 As President of the Synodal Commisssion, instrumental in organizing celebrations for Millennium of Christianity in Ukraine, US, Europe and main celebrations in Rome with the Holy Father; Golden Jubilee Mass and Banquet celebrated 22 November on occasion of Fiftieth Anniversary of Priesthood; Accepted “Honoris Causa” Doctor of Divinity Degree from University of St. Michael’s College in Toronto, 26 November

1989 Visited L’viv for ten days, 10-20 September, meeting family members but prevented by authorities from visiting native village, Nove Selo

1991 February, elected Chairman of the Synodal Commission for preparation of “Ius Speciale As Tempus” (temporary special right) for the Ukrainian Catholic Church

1992 At the age of eighty-one, after thirty-six years as head of Ukrainian Catholic Church in Canada, announced his resignation at Canadian Council of Catholic Bishops assembly; accepted 16 December

1993 His Grace, as Editor-in-Chief, organized the Board and re-founded Logos: A Journal of Eastern Christian Studies; 9 March installation of Metropolitan Michael Bzdel; 24 March retirement dinner for Metropolitan Emeritus

1993-96 Travel throughout Ukraine to preach retreats for clergy, workshops on Vatican II and on the post-Conciliar Church for Ukrainian clergy, now freed from Soviet dominance

1996 Passed into eternal sleep in the Arms of the Lord, 3 May; Buried at All Saints cemetery in Winnipeg, Manitoba

Historique de la conservation

As administrative head of the Ukrainian Catholic Church of Canada, Metropolitan Maxim was well aware of the importance of his papers. Over his lifetime, with his scholarly nature, he carefully and methodically saved the material for posterity. A year before his formal resignation he began to transfer the bulk of his correspondence from his office to the care of Nick Yakimishyn, in the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Winnipeg Archives. In the fall of 2003, Metropolitan Michael Bzdel brought several boxes of materials which had been sitting since the death of Metropolitan Hermaniuk in the small room behind the chapel in the Bishops' residence. These boxes, excluding the museum artefacts present, were included in the Control of Holdings project, 2003-2004

Portée et contenu

The Metropolitan Maxim Hermaniuk fonds is comprised of papers from all phases of his life, study, and vocation in Europe and in Canada. The textual material includes extensive studies of local, national, and international importance in wide-ranging areas of social interest; official documents of the pre-Vatican and Vatican II Councils; correspondence from the private to the official level throughout his lifetime; material tracing preparation for the Papal visit to Canada in 1984, and the Millennium of Christianity in Ukraine celebrated in 1988; and numerous publications either written by Metropolitan Hermaniuk, or of interest to him.
The fonds is comprised of numerous reports, appeals, media articles, and documents both preliminary and officially created in the course of decision-making, in the course of guiding, supporting, teaching, and inspiring clergy as well as lay people in the Church. As the spiritual and administrative head of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in Canada and an influential participant in the councils of Vatican II, Metropolitan Hermaniuk lived through a time of change at the highest levels, illustrated by his papers. Spanning much of the twentieth century, the papers at the same time extraordinarily document life itself, especially during the last half of that century

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According to notes written by Nick Yakimishyn at the time, the materials were organized in general categories by Metropolitan Maxim Hermaniuk, and placed into an artificial order by Nick within those categories. With the exception of material added to the archival holdings in December of 2003, and material stored in a green trunk unknown to Nick, during the Control of Holdings project, 2003-2004, the imposed order has been respected. The items in the green trunk were boxed by Patrick Firman during the summer of 2001 while he was recording the inventory of the Archives; and the material brought from the Bishops' residence was listed and boxed by Gloria Romaniuk in December 2003 and January 2004 according to the boxes of origin.

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  • ukrainien
  • anglais
  • français
  • latin

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Copyright on this image belongs to the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Winnipeg Archives. Researchers are responsible for observing Canadian copyright regulations.

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A finding aid is available at the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Winnipeg Archives.

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Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Winnipeg Archives

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Created by Justin Fuhr, November 5, 2013

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