Title and statement of responsibility area
Melita and David A. Ennis fonds
General material designation
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Title statements of responsibility
Level of description
CA UMASC Pc 240 (A.08-19)
Edition statement of responsibility
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Statement of scale (cartographic)
Statement of projection (cartographic)
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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)
Dates of creation area
- Martin, Samuel Angus
- Ennis, Melita
Physical description area
2 photo albums.
Publisher's series area
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Archival description area
Name of creator
Reverend Samuel Angus Martin was born on September 4, 1873 in Prince Edward Island. Martin was a Presbyterian minister who served as a Major during WWI, specifically as a chaplain overseas with the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Martin married Nettie Fielding (1874-1951) on November 19, 1901. They had four children: Jean Elizabeth, Wallace James, Margaret Catherine, and Malcolm Stuart. Both Wallace and Malcolm died during childhood. Samuel Angus Martin died on June 6, 1939 in Churchill, Manitoba.
The fonds was donated to University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections by Melita Ennis (niece of Margaret Martin) and David A. Ennis in 2008.
Scope and content
The fonds consists of black and white photographs, some of which were processed on card-stock paper or postcard. The photographs depict construction projects, settlement communities, rail roads, indigenous peoples, Charles and Anne Lindbergh, and images of northern landscapes. They document the process of mechanization and frontier expansion. In addition to the photographs is one newspaper clipping with a picture of the "Lindbergh Baby", relating to his kidnapping on March 1st, 1932. The photographs and postcards are stored in two leather bound photo albums with black-paper pages. Painted on the leather covers are an Indigenous chief, a teepee near pine trees, and the words "Photograph Album" and "Churchill".
Immediate source of acquisition
Language of material
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Restrictions on access
There are no restrictions on this material.
Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication
Finding aid is currently unavailable.
Further accruals are expected.
In 1929, the railroad to Churchill, Manitoba was completed. Reverend Samuel Angus Martin, Minister of the United Church in Churchill, drove the final spike on April 2nd, 1929 amongst the thousands of spikes driven by migrant laborers. According to Rev. Martin’s daughter, Margaret Martin, there were only eight women in Churchill in 1929 and over 2000 men who had constructed the railroad and shortly after built the Churchill grain elevators. In 1931, Charles and Anne Morrow Lindbergh, on a historic flight from Europe to Asia, stopped in Churchill to refuel. The Lindbergh stop over became a large event for the small port town of Churchill leading to the proliferation of photographs and postcards of the stop-over. During this period, major construction projects were undertaken for resource extraction which led to the expansion of small settlements like Churchill and The Pas, among other northern communities.