Collection Pc 255 (A.98-15) - Kenneth Hayes Collection

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Kenneth Hayes Collection

General material designation

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description


Reference code

CA UMASC Pc 255 (A.98-15)

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1869-1890, 1935-1936 (Accumulation)

Physical description area

Physical description

18 photographs and other material.

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Kenneth Hayes is an architectural historian and a curator and critic of contemporary art. His work has appeared in such publications as Azure, Alphabet City, and Parachute. In 2008 he published a book titled Milk and Melancholy.

Custodial history

The collection was acquired by University of Manitoba Archives & Special Collections from Ken Hayes in 1998.

Scope and content

The collection consists of eighteen black and white photographs of figures from the 1885 North-West Rebellion. Fifteen of the photographs are originals (1869-1890) and three are photographs of photographs. Also included are four negatives of death certificates, the Charles Pelham Mulhavey book entitled The History of the North-West Rebellion of 1885, a telegram, a letter, and a photocopy.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

There are no restrictions on this material.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

There is currently no finding aid for this collection available.

Associated materials

Related materials


No further accruals are expected.

General note

In 1885, Louis Riel, the exiled Métis leader, returned north from Montana and rallied support among his former supporters in the Métis community in what is now Saskatchewan. Riel hoped to unite the area's 20,000 Aboriginals with its 4800 Métis in an uprising against Canadian authorities. On March 19, 1885, the Métis of the village of Batoche arrested the local Indian Agent, seized control of the town, and declared the existence of a new provisional government. In the following weeks, hundreds of Aboriginals, led largely by frustrated young warriors from Big Bear's and Little Pine's bands, joined in the rebellion against the Canadian authorities. The leaders remained aloof and, consequently, large-scale Cree support for the Métis never materialized. Federal officials were aware of the minimal Aboriginal involvement in the rebellion and seized upon this opportunity to prevent a general Aboriginal revolt. Troops were sent by rail to Alberta with orders to consider any Aboriginal off his or her reserve a rebel. The army retook Batoche in mid-May and set-off to capture the resistance leaders. Big Bear's family escaped into Montana, as did hundreds of Métis, but the chief and his colleague, Poundmaker, surrendered to Canadian officials in July. By then, the fighting was over. Trials ensued - as did continued migrations into Montana - and on November 16, Louis Riel was hanged. The eight other men who received capital punishment for participating in the rebellion were all Aborginal. These executions marked the end of the government's suppression of the Riel uprising.

Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Control area

Description record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules or conventions


Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Language of description

Script of description


Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres