Fonds Photograph Collection 679 - Johann Kroeker fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Johann Kroeker fonds

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Reference code

CA MHCA Photograph Collection 679

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Statement of scale (cartographic)

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1914- 1930 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

8 photographs

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Johann Kroeker was born on October 1, 1892 to Peter Kroeker (1857-1938) and Maria Penner (1853-1932) in the village of Tiegenhagen, South Russia as the seventh of eight children. He was baptized in 1913 into the Mennonite church in the Terek colony by Franz Enns. Johann performed alternative service in 1914-1915 in the forestry service in the Asov region. During the tumultuous Russian Revolution (1918-1919), the family fled to the Kuban colony. In 1924, Johan, his parents, and some siblings immigrated to Canada. They first settled in Vineland, Ontario and then moved to Reesor, Ontario in 1925, where Johann's mother died. Along with his father and sister, Johann moved to farm in Black Creek, BC in 1936. After the death of his father, he continued to live with his sister. Johann suffered a stroke on February 11 and died February 13, 1956.

Custodial history

These photos were owned by Johann's nephew, Peter Kroeker until they were sent to Lawrence Klippenstein, who had done extensive research on alternative service in Russia. Klippenstein donated them to the archives in 2011.

Scope and content

This fonds consists of eight photographs primarily of the activities of Mennonite conscientious objectors in the forestry service in the Asov region of Imperial Russia around 1915 where Johann Kroeker served. The photos provide information on the activities, tools and environment in which the alternative to military service took place.

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Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Processed by Conrad Stoesz March 7, 2011

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None to access

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Finding aids

Inventory description of individual photos.

Online version of finding aid available at:,%20Johann%20fonds.htm

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  • English

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