Fonds PHO-C3 - Dr. James W. and Mary Armstrong fonds

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Dr. James W. and Mary Armstrong fonds

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • [ca.1865]-1958, predominant 1885-1925 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

82 b & w photographs

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Biographical history

The donor of these photographs, Rosemary Malaher, is the grand-daughter of Mary Campbell and Dr. James W. Armstrong. James Armstrong was the descendant of United Empire Loyalists and was born in Kingston, Nova Scotia in 1860. He was the son of James and Elizabeth (Pearce) Armstrong. After graduating from Acadia College, James taught in Nova Scotia for a year and then left for Manitoba in 1889 where he taught at Brandon for a further year before enrolling in medicine at the University of Manitoba. After graduating in 1893, Dr. Armstrong set up practice in Gladstone and served the needs of a sparsely settled agricultural district. Always keenly interested in issues of education and public health, Dr. Armstrong was elected to the Manitoba Legislature as a member of the Liberal party in 1907. When T.C. Norris was called upon to form a government in 1915, Dr. Armstrong was named provincial secretary and minister responsible for public health. Soon after, he gave up his practice in Gladstone and moved with his family to Winnipeg. In 1921, Dr. Armstrong retired from political life. He passed away following a stroke in 1928. Mary Campbell, the daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Manning) Campbell, was born in Vernon, Ontario in 1869 and moved west with her family in 1895. Mary and James were married in 1897. They had three children: Flora (mother of donor Rosemary Malaher), Ida (who later became a doctor herself) and Pearce.

Custodial history

These photographs passed from Mary Armstrong to her daughter Flora (Armstrong) Stevens and thence to her daughter, Rosemary (Stevens) Malaher who donated them to the Dugald Costume Museum in 1983.

Scope and content

Most of the photographs in this collection date from ca.1885 - 1925 and, while most of the subjects are unidentified, the identified subjects include members of the Campbell and Armstrong families and their friends. Several photographs in this collection date from ca.1865 and feature members of the Campbell family of Dr. Armstrong's wife, Mary. Also included is a large class photograph identified as students of Kelvin High School and dating from 1916.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Original order has been lost and there is no reason to believe that the order in which the photos were accessioned has any significance.

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Restrictions on access

There are no restrictions on access.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

No reproduction or publication without the permission of the Costume Museum of Canada.

Finding aids

The finding aid is the catalog cards for PHO-C3 and the photograph collection photocopies.

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Most of the photographs in this collection are Cabinet Card format or larger.

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  • English

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